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【AEAS词汇】英语常见词汇之N系列

2018年06月19日 534人浏览

  在备考AEAS考试中,最令大家烦心的或许是AEAS英语学习,特别是英语单词的记忆。其实英语单词和汉字一样,存在着很多的“偏旁部首”,知道了偏旁部首你就可以根据它们直接来猜测单词的意思,虽不说百分之百猜准,但起码可以猜测个大概,至少在别人告诉过你单词的意思后你可以恍然大悟地领会它,这样就可以大大增强你对英语单词“见字识意”的能力,做到真正认识一个单词,而把它的汉语意思仅做为一般参考。接下来AEAS考试小编就为大家整理AEAS培训、AEAS考试费用、AEAS考试报名时间等讯息。

  N

  name

  [误] She was named of a flower.

  [正] She was named after a flower.

  [析] 以……命名应为name after,又如给某人取名应为The father named his son Tom.

  near

  [误] We came near to hit him.

  [正] We came near to hitting him.

  [析] 这句话应译为"我们几乎要打他一顿。"near to这一用法中to为介词,其后要接宾语,所以要接名词或动名词。near作介词时其后可加to也可不加to,如: I sit near the door, I sit near to the fire.

  by near

  We lived near the city. 与We lived by the city. 两句话都是对的,但其表达的意义有所不同,by在表达距离时比near更近,所以by the city是紧靠近某城市。

  need

  [误] This room needs to clean.

  [正] This room needs to be cleaned.

  [正] This room needs cleaning.

  [析] 在表达某事需要做什么时,need后面如用不定式要用其被动态,如接动名词则要用主动态。

  [误] We need not to do it.

  [正] We needn't do it.

  [析] need用在否定句、疑问句中一般用作情态动词,所以无人称变化也不加to,而在肯定句中则多用作实意动词,如: We need your help.

  neither

  [误] None of my parents is a teacher.

  [正] Neither of my parents is a teacher.

  [析] 对两者的否定不能用none只能用neither, none用于三人以上的情况。

  [误] I don't do my homework. Neither he does.

  [正] I don't do my homework. Neither does he.

  [析] 这时应用倒装句。

  [误] Neither you nor I are right.

  [正] Neither you nor I am right.

  [析] neither…nor… 这一句型在应用时其谓语动词应以邻近的主语一致。

  [误] Neither he studies nor plays.

  [正] Neither does he study nor play.

  [析] neither, hardly, seldom等否定词位于句首时,谓语动词采用倒装形式。

  never

  [误] Never I have broken my word.

  [正] Never have I broken my word.

  [析] never用于句首时起强调作用,要用倒装语序。但用于句中一般放于情态动词、助动词、或be动词后面,如: I shall never forgot the expression on her face. Lost time is never found again. 用于成语中,如: Better late than never. (晚做比不做强。)never mind没关系,如: "What did you say?""Oh, never mind."


AEAS考试


  news

  [误] There are many news about the accident.

  [正] There is much news about the accident.

  [析] news是不可数名词,它没有复数形式,如果讲一条新闻要用a piece of news.

  newspaper

  [误] I read the news on today's newspaper.

  [正] I read the news in today's newspaper.

  [析] 在报纸上读到某一条新闻一定要用介词in,而on the newspaper是指把某物放于报纸之上,如: May I put the flower on this newspaper?

  night

  [误] I came home very late yesterday night.

  [正] I came home very late last night.

  [析] "昨晚"一般要讲last night,而不应参照"昨天上午、下午、傍晚"的说法yesterday morning等套用。

  no none

  no是个限定词,它可以用在可数名词单复数或不可数名词前,如: No news is good news. 但如果名词前有另一限定词时则不能用no,而要用none of,如None of the students was here.

  no not

  要使句子具有部分否定的意思,我们用not,如: I can see you tomorrow, but not Sunday. 如果是全部否定则用no,如Sorry, there is no time to talk.

  No one none

  no one与nobody一样不能接of结构,如: No one wished me good luck. 而要用of结构时要用none, 如: None of my friends wished me good luck.

  nor

  [误] I never saw the painting before, or did I hear of it.

  [正] I never saw the painting before, not did I hear of it.

  [析] 注意在表达"既不……也不……"时不要用or作连词,而要用nor,并且要用倒装语序。

  not

  [误] The students went to the park, but no the teachers.

  [正] The students went to the park, but not the teachers.

  [析] 要使一个句子或一个句子的某一部分为否定时我们要用not, 而不用no.

  [误] There is no my letter today.

  [正] There is no letter for me today.

  [析] no是一个限定词,用在名词前时,要注意这个名词前应没有冠词、物主代词或指示代词。

  [误] He not only was a writer but also an actor.

  [正] He was not only a writer but also an actor.

  [析] 在这一句型中not only之后?。如果这一结构用在主语位置,则谓语动词要与but also后面的主语保持一致,如: Not only you but also I am wrong.

  nothing

  [误] Nothing but books were sold here.

  [正] Nothing but books was sold here.

  [析] 要注意真正的主语是nothing而不是books,所以这一结构在学生的使用中经常出错。

  [误] I have nothing to do but to cry.

  [正] I have nothing to do but cry.

  [析] 在这一结构中but后面要用省to的不定式。

  number

  [误] A number of news can be heard on TV today.

  [正] A lot of news can be heard on TV today.

  [析] a number of后接可数名词复数。

  [误] The number of students are ten thousand.

  [正] The number of students is ten thousand.

  以上便是澳大利亚中小学入学考试网的相关内容,AEAS是Australian Education Assessment Service, 澳大利亚教育评估服务机构的简称,成立于1985年,30年来一直致力于为准备进入澳大利亚初高中学习的国际学生提供高水平的综合性测试服务。是不是知晓了很多关于澳洲留学的信息了呢?如果你想关注更多关于AEAS词汇备考、AEAS词汇考试等信息,关注澳大利亚中小学入学考试网可以了解更多的内容。


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